A two-day study visit to bioenergy facilities in Kyiv, Cherkasy and Zhytomyr regions has been started. Bioenergy Association of Ukraine is participating.
Organizers: UNDP Project "Development and Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine", implemented with the support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), within the framework of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Ukraine.
Participants of the trip: representatives of municipalities: mayors of cities, heads of village councils and technical specialists in the field of heat supply. Most cities and towns whose representatives joined the study visit are implementing bioenergy projects involving technical assistance from the UNDP project.
Purpose of the study visit: to familiarize representatives of selected in the framework of the competition municipal projects with the best practices of using agrarian biomass of the country for municipal heat and hot water supply. As well, the acquisition of knowledge that can be used at commissioning of heat supply facilities that received technical assistance from the UNDP project.
During the study visit it is planned to visit operating boiler houses on agrarian biomass, to get acquainted with technology and practice of cultivating energy crops, producing fuel pellets and briquettes, and also meet with producers of biofuel boilers. In particular, it is planned to visit:
- a boiler house with solid fuel boilers in the Kyiv and Zhytomyr regions,
- the plantation of energy crops of the Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet at the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences in village. Ksaverivka (Kyiv region) and plantation of energy poplar in the village of. Markushi (Zhytomyr region),
- the enterprise producing boilers and straw pellets in the city of Uman (Cherkasy region), as well as equipment for the production of straw briquettes in the village. Kochubeyivka (Kiev region).
"Biomass is one of the most promising renewable energy sources. Despite its limited use in Ukraine, in the structure of renewable energy production in 2017, biofuels and wastes accounted for the most important part – 80%",– said the UNDP/GEF Project "Development and commercialization of bioenergy technologies in the municipal sector in Ukraine" Manager Eugene Groza, adding that the growth rate of the bioenergy sector in Ukraine is constantly increasing, amounting to 43% per year by the indicator of the "production of biofuels and waste" and 33% per year by the indicator of the "total supply of primary energy from biofuels and waste". Total bioenergy replaced 3.8 bcm of natural gas in 2017 in Ukraine.
The energy sector of Ukraine is characterized by a significant dependence on the import of fossil fuels (natural gas, oil, coal), which poses a significant risk to the country's energy security. So in 2017, the cost of purchasing imported energy resources (petroleum products, natural gas and coal) amounted to over $ 11 billion in Ukraine. Significant reduction of these costs can be achieved through the development of renewable energy sources, own natural gas production, as well as increasing energy efficiency of the economy.
The main sources of biomass in Ukraine are waste and agricultural residues (straw, corn stems and cobs and husk of sunflower), as well as in the future, specially grown energy crops (willow, poplar, miscanthus). The use of biomass as a fuel in the production of thermal energy to meet the needs of heating and hot water supply has significant economic benefits, since it allows to reduce the budget heating costs and also allows to achieve reduction of greenhouse gases emissions by more than 8 million tons of СО2 by 2020 year
Recall that from July 7 to August 10, 2018, a competition for municipal heat supply projects using agrarian biomass was held to provide technical assistance from UNDP and GEF. Municipalities, communal enterprises, institutions (schools, hospitals, kindergartens, etc.) were invited to participate in the competition with the ideas of projects of autonomous boiler-houses on agrarian biomass heating public utilities (schools, hospitals, kindergartens); boiler houses and CHP plant on agrarian biomass in centralized heat supply systems. Among 42 applications from 19 regions of Ukraine, 15 projects were selected for technical and financial assistance for the implementation of projects in the field of heat supply using agrarian biomass.
Additional UNDP Project information:
The UNDP project "Development and Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine", implemented with the support of the Global Environment Facility, aims to achieve a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions due to a significant increase in the use of biomass as a source of fuel for heat and hot water in the municipal sector. in Ukraine.
As part of the project, UNDP promotes the use of biomass for heating and hot water supply of social facilities, in particular schools, hospitals, kindergartens in Ukrainian municipalities. In particular, during the four years of implementation of the project, 13 boilers were installed on agrarian biomass in the Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Kyiv and Cherkasy regions, as well as pilot Projects in the Transcarpathia, Ivano-Frankivsk and Poltava regions for the cultivation of energy crops (energy willow) at the local level were implemented with the aim of using them as a fuel for the production of heat and hot water.
Additional information (manuals):
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VIDEO from two days study trip (in Ukrainian):