News

BIOPLAT-EU Project: the second project meeting in Kyiv, Ukraine

SEC Biomass experts Tetiana Zheliezna, Oleksandra Tryboi and Olha Haidai took part in the second BIOPLAT-EU (Promoting Sustainable Use of Underutilized Lands for Bioenergy Production through a Web-Based Platform for Europe) project meeting that was held in Kyiv on 26 of September, 2019. The project partners presented the implementation of the project objectives and discussed plans for the next half of the project year. Preliminary results on the data collection of marginal, underutilized and contaminated (MUC) lands in project countries are currently involved in the creation of a reference kit for further identification of MUC lands in the case study countries...

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State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving supports the Draft Law for biomethane development in Ukraine

Prospects for biomethane production and consumption in Ukraine were reviewed on October 01 by the State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving. Discussion participants: Head of the Agency Sergiy Savchuk, Head of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine Georgii Geletukha, representatives of Ukrtransgaz, biogas producers and other experts in this field.

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Post-release of the International Conference "Biomass for Energy 2019"

More than 280 participants from 17 countries united this year the 15th International Conference "Biomass for Energy", which took place on September 24-25, 2019 in Kyiv. 50 presentations from world and Ukrainian experts were dedicated to strategy and policy issues; bioenergy projects financing; production of heat and power from solid biofuels and municipal solid waste: technologies and successful case studies; biomass resources: production, pre-treatment, supply, and logistics; energy crops; biogas: technologies and successful case studies. The conference is organized within the UNDP’s “Development and Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine” project, which is being implemented with support from the...

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Video: international conference «Biomass for energy 2019»

Video is prepared by Vinnytsia Ok. Post-release of the conferenceConference Photo

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Articles of members

Fuel characteristics and properties of corn residues

Сorn residues have quite good fuel properties which are close to those of wood fuel. Due to that, biofuels made from corn residues can be burnt in the equipment intended for wood biomass. Ash content of corn stover is a major quality factor for further production of biofuels. The ash content depends on the type of harvesting technology as the amount of ash increases when biomass is contacting with soil. Typical total ash content for multiple passes of agricultural machines when harvesting is 8-10%. As regards ash melting behaviour, corn straw is close to wood biomass, which provides better conditions for combustion...

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Potential of corn residues in Ukraine in 2018

Assessment of the corn residues potential for energy in 2018 based on the approach developed by the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine shows the following results: the theoretic potential (the whole amount of residues generated) is 46.5 Mt or 8.9 Mtoe; the economic potential (the amount available for energy that is 40% of the theoretical potential) is 6 Mt or 3.6 Mtoe including stalks – 9.7 Mt (1.9 Mtoe) and cobs – 3.3 Mt (0.6 Mtoe). Distribution of the corn residues potential over Ukraine’s territory is not even. Regions with the highest concentration of this type of biomass are oblasts with the biggest production volumes of...

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Residues of grain corn production and its harvesting periods in Ukraine

Residues of grain corn production consist of: stalks which make up about 52.5% of the whole mass of the residues. At that, the stalk makes up 27.3% of the mass of the whole plant including grain (the same indexes are presented below for other parts of corn residues); leaves – 20.0 % (10.6%); cobs – 17.5% (9.0%); wrap of ear – 8.5% (4.3%); other parts – 1.5% (0.8%). Production of agricultural residues, including corn residues, is seasonable and depends on harvesting periods. Grain corn is harvested during different time frames, depending on the variety, the place of cultivation and the time of sowing. Usually, time frame for...

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State of the art of corn production in the world and in Ukraine

Corn is the most high-yield crop, all the parts of which are widely used in different industries for many purposes, in particular: for food production; as feedstock in pharmaceutical, chemical and other branches of industry; as high-energy fodder that is suitable for all kinds of animals and birds; as raw material for the production of first and second-generation biofuels; as raw material for the production of biogas. Corn is a crop of high agro-technological value as it cleans soil of weeds and is a good precursor in the crop rotation. Judging by the absorption of carbon dioxide and release of oxygen, corn is one of the...

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A two-day study visit to bioenergy facilities in Kyiv, Cherkasy and Zhytomyr regions has been started. Bioenergy Association of Ukraine is participating.

Organizers: UNDP Project "Development and Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine", implemented with the support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), within the framework of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Ukraine.

Participants of the trip: representatives of municipalities: mayors of cities, heads of village councils and technical specialists in the field of heat supply. Most cities and towns whose representatives joined the study visit are implementing bioenergy projects involving technical assistance from the UNDP project.

Purpose of the study visit: to familiarize representatives of selected in the framework of the competition municipal projects with the best practices of using agrarian biomass of the country for municipal heat and hot water supply. As well, the acquisition of knowledge that can be used at commissioning of heat supply facilities that received technical assistance from the UNDP project. 

During the study visit it is planned to visit operating boiler houses on agrarian biomass, to get acquainted with technology and practice of cultivating energy crops, producing fuel pellets and briquettes, and also meet with producers of biofuel boilers. In particular, it is planned to visit:
- a boiler house with solid fuel boilers in the Kyiv and Zhytomyr regions,
- the plantation of energy crops of the Institute of Bioenergetic Cultures and Sugar Beet at the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences in village. Ksaverivka (Kyiv region) and plantation of energy poplar in the village of. Markushi (Zhytomyr region),
- the enterprise producing boilers and straw pellets in the city of Uman (Cherkasy region), as well as equipment for the production of straw briquettes in the village. Kochubeyivka (Kiev region).

UNDP study visit program for municipalities in Ukraine, March 20-21, 2019 (in Ukrainian)

"Biomass is one of the most promising renewable energy sources. Despite its limited use in Ukraine, in the structure of renewable energy production in 2017, biofuels and wastes accounted for the most important part – 80%",– said the UNDP/GEF Project "Development and commercialization of bioenergy technologies in the municipal sector in Ukraine" Manager Eugene Groza, adding that the growth rate of the bioenergy sector in Ukraine is constantly increasing, amounting to 43% per year by the indicator of the "production of biofuels and waste" and 33% per year by the indicator of the "total supply of primary energy from biofuels and waste". Total bioenergy replaced 3.8 bcm of natural gas in 2017 in Ukraine.

The energy sector of Ukraine is characterized by a significant dependence on the import of fossil fuels (natural gas, oil, coal), which poses a significant risk to the country's energy security. So in 2017, the cost of purchasing imported energy resources (petroleum products, natural gas and coal) amounted to over $ 11 billion in Ukraine. Significant reduction of these costs can be achieved through the development of renewable energy sources, own natural gas production, as well as increasing energy efficiency of the economy.

The main sources of biomass in Ukraine are waste and agricultural residues (straw, corn stems and cobs and husk of sunflower), as well as in the future, specially grown energy crops (willow, poplar, miscanthus). The use of biomass as a fuel in the production of thermal energy to meet the needs of heating and hot water supply has significant economic benefits, since it allows to reduce the budget heating costs and also allows to achieve reduction of greenhouse gases emissions by more than 8 million tons of СО2 by 2020 year

Recall that from July 7 to August 10, 2018, a competition for municipal heat supply projects using agrarian biomass was held to provide technical assistance from UNDP and GEF. Municipalities, communal enterprises, institutions (schools, hospitals, kindergartens, etc.) were invited to participate in the competition with the ideas of projects of autonomous boiler-houses on agrarian biomass heating public utilities (schools, hospitals, kindergartens); boiler houses and CHP plant on agrarian biomass in centralized heat supply systems. Among 42 applications from 19 regions of Ukraine, 15 projects were selected for technical and financial assistance for the implementation of projects in the field of heat supply using agrarian biomass.

Additional UNDP Project information:

The UNDP project "Development and Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine", implemented with the support of the Global Environment Facility, aims to achieve a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions due to a significant increase in the use of biomass as a source of fuel for heat and hot water in the municipal sector. in Ukraine.
As part of the project, UNDP promotes the use of biomass for heating and hot water supply of social facilities, in particular schools, hospitals, kindergartens in Ukrainian municipalities. In particular, during the four years of implementation of the project, 13 boilers were installed on agrarian biomass in the Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Kyiv and Cherkasy regions, as well as pilot Projects in the Transcarpathia, Ivano-Frankivsk and Poltava regions for the cultivation of energy crops (energy willow) at the local level were implemented with the aim of using them as a fuel for the production of heat and hot water.

Additional information (manuals):

Manual for representatives of state and municipal institutions on the use of biomass as a fuel in the municipal sector (in Ukrainian)

Manual for environmentalists on the use of biomass as a fuel in the municipal sector (in Ukrainian)

Manual for representatives of the agro-industrial complex on the use of biomass as a fuel in the municipal sector (in Ukrainian)

Analysis of possibilities for the production and use of agribiomass briquettes in Ukraine – 20th Position Paper of UABio (in English)

For more information please contact:

Yulia Samus, Communications Specialist, UNDP, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Georgii Geletukha, Senior Bioenergy Expert, UNDP / GEF Project "Development and Commercialization Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine", This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

VIDEO from two days study trip (in Ukrainian):

 
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