Fig. 1. Increase in the production of energy from biofuels in Ukraine  during 2010-2016.On 20 December 2017, the State Statistics Service of Ukraine issued the Energy Balance of Ukraine for 2016 (the express-issue N 506/0/08.4вн-17 of 20.12.2017).

According to the Balance, the share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the total primary energy supply in 2016 was 4.0% (3.0% in 2015). This growth rate is in line with the annual pace of RES development in Europe.

Like the previous year, biofuels and waste accounted for the biggest share in the structure of renewable energy production in 2016 – 81%.

The given data show another significant step in the development of the bioenergy sector in Ukraine. For example, the volume of the "production of biofuels and waste" amounted to 3348 ktoe in 2016 (against 2606 ktoe in 2015), and the volume of the "total supply of primary energy from biofuels and waste" was 2832 ktoe in 2016 (against 2102 ktoe in 2015) (Fig. 1). The difference between the indicators corresponds to exports of biofuels, which came to 553 ktoe in 2016 (539 ktoe in 2015).

 

 Supply of primary energy from biofuels and waste in the amount of 2832 ktoe is equivalent to replacing about 3.5 billion m3 of natural gas in 2016.

Fig. 2. Increase in the production of energy from biofuels in Ukraine during 2010-2016, indicative targets for heat production from biomass set by NREAP and the forecast until 2020.Analysis of similar data for the period of 2010-2016 shows that the average growth rate of the bioenergy sector in Ukraine is 45% per year by the indicator of the "production of biofuels and waste" and 35% per year by the indicator of the "total supply of primary energy from biofuels and waste". It should be noted that the data of 2016 significantly increased the figures for the average growth rate: for the period of 2010-2015, it was 38% per year for the “production of biofuels and waste” and 26% per year for the “total supply of primary energy from biofuels and waste"(Fig. 2). Such growth rates indicate a high probability of fulfilling the targets for the production of heat from biomass stated in the National Renewable Energy Action Plan until 2020 (NREAP).