The experts of Bioenergy Association of Ukraine have compared the amounts of natural gas (NG) replaced by energy produced from "biofuels and waste" in 2010-2014 and the national indicative targets of National Renewable Energy Action Plan through 2020 (NREAP).

The amounts of natural gas replaced by energy produced  from "biofuels and waste" from 2010 to 2014, according to energy balance of Ukraine by State Statistics Service of Ukraine is shown in the Table 1. 

Table 1. Energy produced from "biofuels and waste" from 2010 to 2014, according to energy balance of Ukraine by State Statistics Service of Ukraine

* 1 mln toe = 1.25 billion m3 of natural gas

Ассording to the Table 1, the average growth rate of bioenergy in Ukraine in 2010-2014 is 42% per year. With the same growth rate in bioenergy,"biofuels and waste" will replace 5.38 billion m3 of natural gas in 2020.

The national indicative targets of NAPRE for the period until 2020 were recalculated to the amounts of natural gas that will be replaced. The amounts of natural gas that will be replaced include the amounts of natural gas replaced by heat production in boiler plants and by heat and power production in combined heat and power plants (CHP mode). While recalculated the amounts of natural gas replaced by combined heat and power plants (CHP mode) the following assumptions were used:

  • 90% of electricity generation from solid biomass is produced in CHP plants and the installed heat capacity is three times as large as the installed electricity capacity;
  • The efficiency of installed heat capacity during the heating period is 77.5%;
  • Only CHP plants on solid biomass was taking into account (CHP plants on biogas was not taking into account).

To summarize: the bioenergy is continuing to develop steadily but today's growth rate is not enough to achieve the national indicative targets of NAPRE for the biomass for the period until 2020, that is equal  to 7.2 bln. m3/ year of natural gas .